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Understanding the Function of a Ring Doorbell: A Simple Explanation

Smart doorbells seamlessly integrate the functionalities of traditional doorbells, intercom systems, and surveillance cameras, enhancing both security and convenience in daily life.

The core functionality of the Ring Video Doorbell centers around its advanced motion detection feature. When motion is detected, you receive instant notifications and gain access to a live video feed. Furthermore, if someone rings your doorbell, you will promptly receive a notification.

For a more personalized experience, you have the option to tailor your notifications. You can create custom motion zones and schedules to suit your preferences. Additionally, a person-only mode is available, and you can fine-tune the motion sensitivity to your liking.

Video recordings are not limited to daytime; they are also captured at night. Modern models even offer pre-roll video previews, showcasing up to six seconds of video footage recorded before a detected event.

All configuration settings can be conveniently adjusted using the Ring app. Here, you can activate or deactivate numerous functions, providing flexibility and control over your device. For those seeking additional features, there’s the option to unlock more capabilities by purchasing a coverage plan, with options like Protect Basic and Protect Plus.

Moreover, the Ring Video Doorbell seamlessly integrates with various other Ring products and Alexa-enabled devices. This integration empowers you to incorporate voice commands and elevate the overall security of your home.

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Motion Sensing in Ring Doorbell Pro, Elite, and Wired


Unlike the use of infrared sensors in other Ring Doorbell versions, the Pro, Elite, and Wired models employ a distinct method based on their video recording functionality.

These doorbells capture a continuous stream of images and meticulously compare each frame pixel by pixel. If there’s a variance in pixel patterns between consecutive images, it signifies movement within the frame.

To illustrate this concept simply, consider your property with two distinct paths: one leading across and another leading directly to your door. Any visitor approaches from one of these directions.

The area in front of your door is continually recorded, and as a visitor steps onto the path, their foot partially obstructs a portion of the path. The Ring Doorbell promptly detects this alteration.

As the visitor progresses, covering more of the path and revealing previously obscured objects, the camera registers these changes. This process enables the device to identify motion throughout the entire area encompassed by the video recording.

Limiting Motion Detection Through Motion Zones

The video recording coverage area typically exceeds the scope of the infrared sensors, particularly in the Ring Doorbell Pro, Elite, and Wired models. Consequently, these models can effectively detect motion across a larger expanse, making them ideal for spacious properties.

However, for smaller properties, limiting the motion detection area can be advantageous. After all, receiving notifications for pedestrians on the opposite side of the street or every passing vehicle is not always desirable. Moreover, you may not want your Doorbell’s camera capturing your neighbor’s property either.

Starting with the second generation of the Ring Video Doorbell, you have the option to establish “motion zones” to address these concerns. These zones ensure that motion is exclusively detected in specific designated areas, effectively preventing undesired scenarios.

You can create up to three distinct motion zones, a process managed in your doorbell’s motion settings. Simply click on “Edit motion zones” and select the default zone.

The default zone represents the standard video capture area provided by your device, with its size varying depending on the specific model.

Within the settings, you’ll have a visual preview of this default zone. Adjust the zone by dragging the corners of the preview to exclude areas where you do not wish motion to be detected. After confirming your changes, the motion detection will only operate within the selected area. However, it’s important to note that recordings will still encompass the complete field of view of the Ring Video Doorbell.

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Customizing Notification Timing with Motion Schedules

Motion zones serve as a valuable tool to restrict motion detection to specific areas. Outside of these zones, whether using infrared sensors, radar sensors, or image comparison, notifications are no longer generated. Consequently, you’ll only receive notifications for events that are highly likely to be significant.

Moreover, you may prefer to receive notifications only during certain periods of the day. This can be accomplished through the creation of activity schedules, similar to motion zones, which help manage and curtail notifications. If you have a coverage plan subscription, however, video recordings will still be generated when motion occurs, ensuring comprehensive security.

To establish a motion schedule, navigate to the device settings within the Ring app, just as you would with motion zones. After selecting your Video Doorbell, access the motion settings where you’ll find the “Motion Schedule” option.

With a simple click, you can create rules within the Motion Schedule feature. Each rule specifies particular notification times by specifying days and times of day.

Motion schedules prove particularly useful for recurring events, such as a weekly visit from a street sweeper or a regular visitor. By configuring these times, you can avoid notifications for detected motion during those periods.

Once you’ve defined the times for a rule, give it a name and save it. The rule will then appear in your list of motion schedules, allowing you to effortlessly enable or disable it with a single click.

Should you need to make adjustments, clicking directly on the rule enables editing. You can modify the times or days as needed to accommodate changes or correct any errors.

For rules that are no longer necessary, swipe left on them to reveal a delete button. Confirm the deletion, and the rule will be promptly removed from your motion schedules list.

Live video recording

While motion detection forms the cornerstone of the Ring Video Doorbell’s capabilities, live video recording serves as its core functionality. As soon as motion is detected, the device initiates recording, providing you with a real-time view of the area in front of your door, enabling you to respond promptly to events.

Within the live video feed, you have several interactive options at your disposal:

  1. Toggle the speaker on and off, giving you control over whether you hear external sounds.
  2. Turn the microphone on and off, allowing you to decide if the person outside can hear you.
  3. Utilize zoom to focus on specific details, ensuring you have a comprehensive view of the scene.

When a visitor rings the doorbell, the live video often takes on an intercom function. This feature permits you to warmly welcome guests before reaching the door. It also facilitates interactions with unfamiliar individuals from a safe distance, and if necessary, you can terminate the conversation.

To maintain clarity during intercom use, the Ring Video Doorbell effectively suppresses background noise. This feature proves particularly valuable if your door is situated in a noisy environment, such as near a bustling street. While the audio may occasionally sound slightly tinny, conversations remain largely intelligible, ensuring effective communication.

Crucially, live video recording is not limited to your home network. This means that even when you’re away from home, you can access the video feed and intercom function via your smartphone or tablet.

This versatility proves invaluable in various scenarios. For instance, you can inform unexpected visitors that you’re not at home and arrange an alternative meeting time. It also enables you to personally instruct package delivery personnel on where to leave your deliveries. In the event of a potential package theft, a few words are often sufficient to deter would-be thieves.

The quality of the live video is impressive, with later models delivering HD quality at 1080p resolution, a significant improvement over the first-generation doorbell’s 720p resolution. Some models, like the Pro 2, even offer HD+ for enhanced color representation.

Unlike pre-roll videos, live videos include sound and are presented in color on all models, with the exception being nighttime recording.


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Capturing Footage After Dark Using Night Vision

Events around your home don’t adhere to a strict daytime schedule; unanticipated visitors may appear after dark. In such situations, it becomes crucial to identify who is on your property and their activities.

Night vision functionality has been integrated into Ring Video Doorbells since the first generation, allowing all models to detect motion and initiate live recordings even during nighttime hours.

Nighttime recordings are facilitated through the use of infrared (IR) light. This IR light ensures that the camera has adequate illumination to record clear video footage.

Human perception does not encompass infrared light, as its wavelength falls outside the range of human vision. Therefore, during nighttime recording, you may observe a faint red glow at most. This infrared light is designed to be unobtrusive and exclusively relevant to the Ring Video Doorbell camera.

Despite the improved illumination offered by infrared light, night recordings typically produce black-and-white images. The quality of these images can be influenced by additional ambient lighting in the vicinity.

For instance, if your doorstep is already well-lit at night or if a nearby streetlight shines on the Video Doorbell, the image could become overexposed, appearing predominantly white and making it challenging to recognize faces.

To mitigate such issues, the Ring app provides three distinct modes within the lighting settings, each tailored to the level of illumination around the camera:

  1. Well-Illuminated Area: Choose this mode when sufficient lighting is available to capture clear images. This is often the case when additional lighting sources are present but do not directly shine onto the camera.

  2. Standard Mode: Standard mode is generally sufficient when there is no intense light source near the doorbell. It strikes a balance between the extremes of brightness and darkness. In contrast to this mode, there is also the “Wall Nearby” mode.

  3. Wall Nearby Mode: Walls frequently feature bright colors that can reflect light, potentially affecting the Ring Video Doorbell’s camera. If the light source is overly intense, this mode may help rectify the situation.

It’s advisable to experiment with these modes to determine which one yields the best nighttime shots in your specific environment. This ensures that you obtain satisfactory nighttime footage, especially if pre-roll videos are important to you. These videos exclusively function in well-lit nighttime areas, so it’s worthwhile to invest some time in finding the optimal settings for your circumstance

Full-Color Night Vision: A Feature of Video Doorbell Pro, Pro 2, and Elite

Recordings achieved with the assistance of infrared light typically result in black-and-white footage. However, the Pro, Pro 2, and Elite models of the Ring Video Doorbell offer an additional feature: night vision in color.

It’s important to note that the color in these night vision shots isn’t true color, but rather a form of colorization applied to black-and-white videos. Similar to other Ring Video Doorbell models, the Pro, Pro 2, and Elite rely on infrared light for nighttime video recording. By combining this infrared light with ambient lighting, they infuse a hint of color into the otherwise monochrome recordings.

The resulting image tends to maintain a predominantly gray appearance, albeit with subtle hints of color. This colorization enhances your ability to discern details in the outdoor scene.

Objects located closer to the camera are more likely to appear in shades of gray, while those further away often exhibit more distinct coloring. This phenomenon arises from the interplay between the two types of light used in the process.

It’s worth noting that night vision in color only functions when there is ambient light present. In areas lacking additional illumination, the color in the footage may be less pronounced. Additionally, the colors may not precisely match the natural colors of the objects as you perceive them.

To activate or deactivate this feature, you can access the device settings within your Ring app. Simply navigate to the video settings and select the “Night Vision in Color” menu item, where you can enable or disable the function with a single click.

Setting Up Privacy Zones

While motion zones allow you to govern the areas where motion detection occurs, it’s important to note that video recordings made by your Ring Video Doorbell encompass the entire camera’s field of view. However, there may be specific areas, like your neighbor’s front door across the street or a sizable window, that you’d prefer not to include in your footage. To address this, you can establish privacy zones.

By creating a privacy zone, your Video Doorbell refrains from recording anything in that designated area, presenting it as a blacked-out section in your footage. Importantly, motion detection remains fully operational.

As an example, if your neighbor opens their door and steps outside, you will still receive notifications unless this area falls outside your defined motion zone. The camera activates, captures an image, but excludes the privacy zone, concealing the door and your neighbor behind a blacked-out section.

Within the app, you can create up to two privacy zones, each of which must encompass at least 15% of the screen; smaller selections cannot be designated as privacy zones.

To utilize this feature, you must first access the device settings of your Ring Video Doorbell. Simply select the corresponding device in the menu and navigate to “Device settings.” From there, click on “Privacy settings.”

Opt for the “Edit privacy areas” option and use the Plus button to initiate the creation of a privacy area. You’ll be presented with a preview image that allows you to select the area, and you can adjust its size by manipulating the corner points.

Please note that privacy zones must be rectangular; other shapes are not supported.

For improved identification, you can assign a name to each privacy area. Afterward, confirm your selection by clicking “Save.”

Should you wish to delete a privacy zone at a later time, revisit the privacy settings, and access the privacy areas section. All previously configured areas will be displayed there. To delete an area, select it and proceed to “Edit privacy areas.” On the ensuing page, click the trash icon and confirm the subsequent prompt within the Ring app.

Notably, once privacy zones are established, they will continue to function correctly even if you change the orientation of your Ring Video Doorbell. Whether you alter its angle or orientation, it will consistently protect the designated privacy zones without requiring adjustments.

Additionally, if your Video Doorbell is directly mounted on the door and moves in response to its opening or closing, the privacy area will remain concealed in recordings.

Capturing Images Using the Video Doorbell

The Ring Video Doorbell diligently captures photos throughout the day, documenting events as they unfold. These photos are conveniently organized in your event history, allowing you to review the sequence of events on your property.

These images are temporarily stored in the Ring Cloud by Ring. You have the option to access them for a duration of up to seven days.

Should you wish to retain these photos for an extended period, you have the flexibility to download them. This can be accomplished effortlessly using both your smartphone and your PC.

Footage recording storage

When your Ring Video Doorbell detects motion, it promptly initiates video recording and sends you a notification. Clicking on the notification seamlessly redirects you to the live video feed.

Without a coverage plan, your access is limited to this real-time video stream, providing you with immediate insights into the current situation. However, you miss out on the ability to review events that occurred in the interim, which can be frustrating if you happen to miss a notification or are unable to check it promptly due to various commitments.

For instance, when you’re driving, attending an important meeting, or at a medical appointment, it’s often impossible to monitor what’s transpiring at home. In the unfortunate event of an incident, you may find yourself unable to fully comprehend the sequence of events due to the lack of recorded video.

With the Protect Basic plan, this situation changes. In this mode, videos are not only streamed live but also stored, ensuring a comprehensive record of events. This storage occurs even if you have opted to deactivate notifications.

Similar to the photos you capture, these videos are securely stored in the Ring Cloud, but with an extended retention period. You have a generous thirty days to review the video footage in the cloud. If you desire permanent archives of these videos, you can readily download them.

Alternatively, you have the option to delete videos before the thirty-day timeframe expires. However, it’s important to exercise caution when deciding to delete, as once removed, videos cannot be restored. Thus, careful consideration is advised before taking this step.

To delete a video, access the Ring app and navigate to the History section, where you will find a comprehensive list of events detected by your Ring Video Doorbell.

Adjacent to each event, you will notice three dots. Clicking on these dots unveils a set of three options. To delete an event along with its associated video, simply select “Delete.”

In scenarios where you’ve accumulated multiple notifications in a single day, and later determined they are not of significance, you have the convenience of deleting multiple events and their videos simultaneously. To do so, swipe right within the history tab. This action permits you to select multiple events with a single tap, followed by a confirmation click on “Delete.”

Enhancing Home Security with Ring Video Doorbell and Complementary Ring Products

The Ring Video Doorbell, combined with the versatile Ring app, offers a unique feature – seamless integration with other Ring products. This functionality empowers you to orchestrate specific actions across your network of devices when your smart doorbell detects an event.

Picture it like this: Your Ring Video Doorbell detects motion, promptly notifies you, and initiates live video recording. Simultaneously, this information is relayed across your network, prompting other connected devices to take action.

For instance, if you have a nearby Ring Spotlight Cam, it may activate its lighting and commence video recording as well. This dual response ensures improved area illumination and provides video coverage from multiple angles, enhancing overall security.

In the unfortunate event of a break-in, this feature can make a substantial difference. While the devices may not be able to prevent the intrusion, they can provide crucial video evidence for law enforcement. Having a second angle of recording increases the likelihood of identifying the perpetrator swiftly.

More often than not, the mere activation of lighting after motion detection serves as a powerful deterrent to potential burglars. They recognize the presence of security features, perceive the elevated risk of being caught, and are more inclined to abandon their plans.

The ability to link multiple Ring devices effectively bolsters your home’s security.

To establish these connections, navigate to the menu and select “Devices.” Locate the specific device you wish to link, in this case, your Ring Video Doorbell.

Within the details page of your doorbell, proceed to “Connected Devices.” Here, you can select the devices you wish to link.

Different devices offer varying response options. A connected response is invariably triggered by a motion event detected by your Ring Video Doorbell. The connected device can then either commence recording or activate lighting.

For both response types, you’ll find corresponding buttons below the respective device, often depicted as a video camera or a light bulb icon. Simply click on the icon to enable or disable the response.

These product linkages can be established in various directions. For instance, if you desire another device to take action following an event detected by your Video Doorbell, you configure it within the settings of the Doorbell. Conversely, if you wish your Doorbell to respond to an event triggered by another Ring product, you configure it within the settings of that product.

For example, should you want to link your Ring Video Doorbell with Ring Alarm, this can be accomplished within the settings of the Ring Alarm Base Station. As a result, your Ring Video Doorbell can initiate recording when the alarm system is triggered.

Enhancing Home Security: Ring Video Doorbell Integrated with Alexa

The Ring Video Doorbell seamlessly integrates with Alexa-enabled devices, expanding its functionality and providing enhanced convenience for homeowners. This integration allows you to harness the power of voice commands to interact with your Ring Doorbell and bolster your home’s security.

Here’s how it works: When someone presses the doorbell or when motion is detected by your Ring Video Doorbell, Alexa-enabled devices can alert you audibly. You can simply ask Alexa to show you the live video feed from your Ring Doorbell on compatible devices with screens, such as Echo Show or Fire TV.

This hands-free access to your doorbell’s video feed is incredibly convenient, as it lets you see who’s at your door without having to physically check your smartphone or tablet. You can also use voice commands to speak to visitors through your Ring Doorbell via Alexa devices equipped with microphones and speakers.

Moreover, Alexa routines can be set up to automate actions based on events detected by your Ring Doorbell. For instance, you can configure Alexa to turn on lights, announce a visitor’s arrival, or even play a specific doorbell chime sound when someone presses the doorbell.

The combination of Ring Video Doorbell and Alexa offers enhanced home security and a more connected smart home experience. It provides you with an efficient and convenient way to monitor and interact with your front door, making daily life safer and more streamlined.

Write at last

The Ring Video Doorbell is a cutting-edge smart doorbell that combines motion detection and video recording, functioning as both a surveillance camera and an intercom system. It operates day and night, with newer models introducing colorization to nighttime recordings through the night vision function. When motion is detected, the Ring app notifies users, and notifications can be fine-tuned using motion zones, schedules, and modes. Captured events trigger video recording, which can be viewed in real-time, with recent models featuring a preview function displaying footage seconds before an event. Subscribing to a Ring coverage plan unlocks additional features, such as regular photo captures and cloud storage for video recordings. Furthermore, the Ring Video Doorbell seamlessly integrates with other Ring devices and Alexa-enabled products, enabling effortless voice command control through the Alexa app, making it an indispensable component of any smart home security setup.

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